The process of pacification of the country, after many unforeseen events, during the process of dialogue, according to the latest developments, seems to be slow, but this time safe.

Since the Government of Mozambique and Renamo signed the general peace agreement in Rome, the Italian capital on October 4, 1992, in spite of the silence of arms, at every electoral moment the specter of war was always present.
The moment of the announcement of the results of each election in the country, has always been surrounded by uncertainties, much because of the weapons that the largest opposition party still has in its possession.

The threats of the use of force to gain power gained momentum and form when, 21 years later, the country was again plagued by a localized military conflict (in the center of the country), but threatening to spread throughout the national territory .
In this first phase of the conflict, another understanding was reached between the same belligerents (the Government and Renamo), but such sun didn’t last long because, later, the localized military confrontation again ravaged the country.

It is important to note that the first agreement was between former President Joaquim Chissano and the late leader of Renamo Afonso Dhlakama, the second understanding was between former President Armando Guebuza and Afonso Dhlakama.

After the failure of the second understanding, the Republic of Mozambique, already under the leadership of President Filipe Jacinto Nyusi, experiences an unparalleled moment in the search for peace, first with a truce reached by telephone that, in a temporary way, the extension was final and then with the departure of the head of state to the rebel bastion, to Gorongosa Mountain, to build confidence.

With the leader of Renamo, Afonso Dhlakama joined with President Nyusi in the efforts for the definitive peace, behold, to the disappointment and uncertainties, Dhlakama loses his life in Gorongosa Mountain!

The President of the Republic, always diligent, made contacts as soon as Renamo nominated Lieutenant General Ossufo Momade as the leader of the largest opposition party, to unlock the pending point for definitive peace that is to make Renamo a political party.

After several advances and retreats, it is announced that there was a meeting between Renamo’s interim leader and the President of the Republic, in Beira, where a deadline for the delivery of the list containing the armed men for reintegration in the Defense and Security Forces (FDS) of the Republic of Mozambique.

When it seemed everything had legs to walk, here Renamo advances with other demands that have to do with the reintegration, first, of the men who were already in the Defense Forces of Mozambique (FADM) and that only after that phase would deliver the longed-for list.

After seeming, once again, that everything is stopped, the President of the Republic, engineer Filipe Nyusi, announces a new understanding between the Government of Mozambique and Renamo on controversial and difficult military issues.

“The memorandum clearly indicates the road map on military matters and the subsequent steps that are crucial to achieve an effective and lasting peace with regard to the disarmament, demobilization and integration of Renamo’s armed wing, to the nation, the President of the Republic, without elaborating on the content of the document, but assured that it is a determining instrument in the peace negotiations begun for a year with the late leader Afonso Dhlakama.

After welcoming Ossufo Momade’s commitment to the cause of peace even without Dhlakama, President Nyusi assured that the next steps will be announced within days.


Reactions to the understanding soon arrived, the Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM), considered a priority to demand the disclosure of the content of the agreement.
The United States, which is a member of the contact group, through its embassy in Maputo, expressing satisfaction for understanding, considers that the agreement between the Government of Mozambique and Renamo is a decisive step towards a lasting peace for a safer and more prosperous future.

Swiss ambassador to Mozambique Mirko Manzoni and chairman of the Government-Renamo Contact Group also welcomed the agreement and highlighted the willingness to support the process.

Alongside the positive reactions and full support from the international partners, the internal reaction wouldn’t be different: Total satisfaction.
As for us, under the circumstances, we are offered to observe that this process of seeking a permanent peace for the country is slow but safe!

(Daniel Maposse)

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